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Sh. Sushil Kumar,PPS, SSP Sri Muktsar Sahib ||
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  Historical Background
HISTORY OF SRI MUKTSAR SAHIB

Sri Muktsar SahibCity, the district headquarters of Sri Muktsar Sahib district is a historical city. It is intimately connected with Sikh religion. Guru Gobind Singh Ji, fought his last battle against Mughals in 1705 A.D. at Sri Sri Muktsar Sahib Sahib. During fighting, 40 disciples of Guru Ji known as ‘40 Muktas' (40 liberated ones) sacrificed their lives. These 40 Sikhs were those who insisted that Guru Ji should leave the Anandpur Sahib fort, when it was besieged by Mughal army. Guru Ji had then asked these followers to leave him if they so desired but they should give him in written that he is not their guru and they are not his Sikh i.e. followers. When these Sikhs returned to their homes in Majha territory of Punjab, they were not welcomed by family members as they had left the Guru at time of trouble. They were overcome by shame and not in a position to face Guru Gobind Singh Ji again.

On learning that Guru Ji was in region of present Sri Muktsar Sahib the 40 Sikhs lead by Bhai Mahan Singh and accompanied by Mai Bhago, an illustrious woman in Sikh history left their homes to help him. At that time Mughal army was searching for Guru ji. A pitched battle was fought near a pond called Khidrane di Dhab. The 40 sikhs fought valiantly for guru ji and achieved martyrdom. The outcome was in favour of Sikhs. Mughal forces failed in capturing or harming Guru Sahib and fled from battlefield. After the battle was over, Guru Ji visited the battlefield. One of the 40 Sikhs, Sardar Mahan Singh was about to die, Guru Ji took his head in his arms and asked what did he want? Sardar Mahan Singh requested Guru Ji to tear the paper (Bedawa), they had given to him at Anandpur Sahib ‘you are not our guru and we are not your followers'. On this Guru Ji tore the bedawa . These 40 Sikhs were henceforth called 40 Muktas. The city that grew at the site of the battle was called Sri Muktsar Sahib after them. Mela Maghi, a famous fair of Punjab, is celebrated at Sri Muktsar Sahibon next day after Lohri every year as a tribute to those 40 Sri Sri Muktsar Sahib Sahib.

District Sri Muktsar Sahib has come into existence on 7.11.1995. There are three main towns i.e. Sri Muktsar Sahib, Malout and Gidderbaha. 236 Village in Distt Sri Muktsar Sahib. Total population of this Distt. is about 10,90,511. Total area of Distt Sri Muktsar Sahib is 266233 Hector. Every year in the month of January at the time of Lohri a state level fair 'Maghi Mela' is celebrated at Sri Muktsar Sahib in the memory of 40 Sikhs , who martyred while fighting the Mugal Army under the command of Mai Bhago at this place. Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji called them 'Muktas' and the place became Sri Muktsar Sahib. People in lakhs throng to this town on eve of Maghi Mela.
For Administration purpose, this district is divided into three Sub-Divisions i.e. Sri Muktsar Sahib, Malout and Gidderbaha and Ten Police Stations i.e. City Sri Muktsar Sahib, Sdr Sri Muktsar Sahib, City Malout, Sdr Malout, Lambi, Kotbhai, Gidderbaha, Bariwala, Lakhewali, Kabarwala.  There are four Vidhan Sabha constituencies i.e Sri Muktsar Sahib, Malout, Lambi & Gidderbaha.Assembly constituency Muktsar & Malout fall in Parliament constituency Ferozepur, Assembly constituency Lambi falls in Parliament constituency Bathinda and Assembly constituency Gidderbaha falls in Parliament constituency.Distt.Faridkot. Village Badal the native village of Chief Minister Sardar Parkash Singh Badal is in Police Station Lambi. Parliament constituency.
 
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